Appendix O:
Encumbrance of Standard Items


<Weight of Materials Document:>

The maximum weight a normal-strength person can carry and still move is 150#.


Item Encumbrance in #
Backpack 2
Belt 0.3
Belt pouch, large 1
                  small 0.5
Book, large metal-bound 20
Boots, hard 6
           soft 3
Bottles, flagons 6
Bow, composite long 8
         composite short 5
         long 10
         short 5
Caltrop 5
Candle 0.5
Chest, large solid iron 100-500
           small solid iron 20-50
           small wooden 10-25 <9 + d16>
           large wooden 50-150
Clothes (1 set) 3
Cord, 10' 0.2
Crossbow, heavy 8
                  light 5
Crystal ball, base and wrapping 15
Flask, empty 0.7
          full 2
Gem 0.1 - 0.5
Grapnel 10
Hand tool 1
Helm 4.5
Helm, great 10
Holy water, potion bottles 2.5
Horn 5
Jewelry, large 5
          small 0.1 - 0.5
Lantern 6
Mirror 0.5
Musical instrument* 35
Pole, 10' 10
Purse 0.1
Quiver 3
Rations, iron 7.5
          standard 20
Robe or cloak, folded 5
          worn 2.5
Rod 6
Rope, 50' 7.5
Sack, large 2
          small 0.5
Saddle, light horse 25
          heavy horse 50
Saddlebag 15
Saddle blanket (pad) 2
Scroll case, bone or ivory 5
          leather 2.5
Spike 1
Staff 10
Tapestry (very small to huge) 5-100+
Tinderbox 0.2
Torch 2.5
Wand, bone or ivory case 6
          box 8
          leather case 3
Waterskin || wineskin, empty 0.5
          full 5

<The encumbrance figures have been converted to #>
<They have been moved to the main entries for the items in the PH>

Certain other items are not included when figuring encumbrance.
These include:

    material components (unless large and bulky).
    any helm but great helm, if the character has any armor.
    one set of clothing.
    thieves' picks and tools.

Many other things will be bought or found, but it is impossible to list them
all here. The encumbrance of most items not on this list may be inferred by
comparison with objects similar to them; thus a decanter of endless water
will encumber as much as a bottle or flagon. In some cases no equivalent
may be found on the table; such instances require the judge to decide.

Many people looking at the table will say, "But a scroll doesn't weigh two pounds!"
The encumbrance figure should not be taken as the weight of the object -- it is the combined weight and relative bulkiness of the item.
These factors together will determine how much a figure can carry.

As an example, Dimwall the magic-user and Drudge the fighter have prepared
for a dungeon expedition. Dimwall, besides his normal clothing, has
strapped on a belt with a large pouch on it. Into this and his robe, he tucks
his material components (minimal encumbrance). He also places in his
pouch a potion bottle, a mirror, some garlic and belladonna, and his
tinderbox. At his right side hangs a dagger and sheath and four more
daggers are on a bandolier slung across his chest. Over all these belts, he
puts his backpack. In his pack goes a hand axe (for chopping, not fighting),
3 flasks of oil, a candle, 3 small sacks, 1 large sack, and 7 torches. lashed
in a bundle to the pack is 50' of rope. At his left side, hanging from his belt,
are a leather scroll case and his purse, filled with 20 gold pieces. He holds
a staff in his right hand and a torch in his left. He is now ready to travel,
with a total encumbrance of 689 g.p.

Meanwhile, his companion, Drudge, has strapped on his splint armor. He
wears 2 belts around his waist; his longsword hangs from one. On the
other belt he places his quiver with 40 bolts, a cocking hook, and a dagger.
He slips on his backpack, already loaded with 10 spikes, one week's iron
rations, and a flask of oil. To the bottom of the pack he has strapped 50' of
rope. Hanging on the rear of the pack i s his heavy crossbow. Around his
neck he wears a holy symbol. Finally, he straps his large shield on his left
arm, fits his helmet, and takes his lantern, ready to go with a total encumbrance
of 11 17 g.p.

During their adventures, Dimwall and Drudge find 800 gold pieces in a
troll's treasure horde. Dimwall can carry 400 gold pieces in his large sack
and another 300 gold pieces in his small sacks. Dimwall leaves his torches
and staff, since he must have his hands free. Then he fastens a small sack
to his belt and, using two hands, carries the large sack over his shoulder.
Drudge eats part of his iron rations and throws the rest away, along with
his spikes and oil. He places the remaining bags in the bottom of his pack
and then pours the loose coins on top of them. Encumbrance for Dimwall is
now 889 gold pieces and 1222 gold pieces for Drudge.

As they leave, Dimwall and Drudge meet the troll. There is little time to
react, so Drudge must quickly drop his lantern (possibly putting it out) and
attack. As he does this, Dimwall must drop the large sack (probably scattering
coins about), unsling his pack, and start digging for his oil. By the time
he finds it, the troll may have killed them both!

Q: How many gold pieces can the
various containers listed in the
AD&D game rules hold?

A: The following unofficial capacities have
been extrapolated from the DMG encumbrance
list. They will give you something
to work with for the time being:
Backpack: 400 gp
Belt pouch, large: 200 gp
Belt pouch, small: 100 gp
Boat: See the Wilderness Survival Guide,
page 44
Box, large: 200 gp
Box, small: 50 gp
Chest, wooden: 15 gp per gp of encumbrance
(see the DMG, page 225)
Chest, iron: 3 gp per gp of encumbrance
(see the DMG, page 225)
Land vehicles: See the WSG, page 33
Sack, large: 400 gp
Sack, small: 100 gp
Saddlebag, large: 1,000 gp
Saddlebag, small: 250 gp
Ship: 900 gp/hull point (see the DMG,
page 54)

Q: How much does Oriental equipment
weigh? How large and heavy
are grenades?

A: Use the figures for the nearest equivalent
from the regular AD&D rules or real
life. Rope or clothing, for example, weighs
the same no matter where it is made.
Grenades are about the size and weight of
a flask of oil.

    <weights & measures>
    <a pint has 16 oz. : cf. dmg.64>
    <basically, 1 pint = 1 pound, to start>
    <1 gallon = 8 pints = 8 pounds : wsg.53>
    <here's where it gets strange>
    <1 gallon = 0.5# per gallon, plus an extra 0.5# for every 3 gallons being transported in a single container>
    <a typical waterskin holds 1 gallon>
    <1 cubic foot of water = 7 gallons>

Acid - 1/2 pint (8 oz.)
Holy/Unholy Water - 1/4 pint (4 oz.)
Oil - 1 pint (16 oz.)
Poison - 1/4 pint (4 oz.)

<flask, empty = 0.7. flask, full = 2>
<waterskin or wineskin. empty = 0.5, full = 5>
<holy water, potion bottles = 2.5>
<16 ounces to the pound (avoirdupois ounces), therefore, 1 gp weighs 1.6 ounces>

<1 quart = 2 pints>
    <pint = approx. 473 ml to 551 ml, so halfway between a 12 & a 26er>

<units of volume>
<US. liquid gallon = 231 cubic inches = 0.133680555 cubic feet = approx. 4 litres, with 1 litre equalling 2.11337641 U.S. fluid pints (1)>

Originally Posted by Nagora

One Imperial gallon = 10 Imperial pounds weight.

1 acre = 1 chain x 1 furlong.

1 US gallon is eight pounds weight, so the Imperial gallon is 25% larger, or the US gallon is 80% the volume of an Imperial one 

The measure for an acre you give is per side of a square acre.

BTW, a section is one-quarter of a square mile, 160 acres.